Tallinn’s old town, a UNESCO world heritage site, is admitted to be the best-ехtant medieval town in Northern Europe. Fortification walls and defensive towers are considered as business cards of the city. The fortified medieval Town Wall has 27 out the original 46 towers.
Estonia capital is divided into a Lower and an Upper Old Town, each with their own story to tell. In the old days, people from the lower city were not always permitted to the Upper one, which was privileged for the rich and powerful.
The Upper Town is known as Toompea. Here you can take a look at the elaborately decorated Alexander Nevsky Cathedral – the largest Orthodox church in the city, the Houses of Estonian Parliament and one of the oldest churches in Estonia the Dome Church.
The lower City belonged to Merchants, craftsmen, and other simple citizens, while the upper city was always a seat of the country authorities. At the same time, the Town Hall was in a lower city. It was built in 1402 and none of the reconstructions changed its medieval exterior and interior, which is housing a museum today.
Across the square, one can visit Town Council Pharmacy, which is the oldest continuously functioning pharmacy in Estonia, or maybe in the whole Europe.
A narrow street will bring you to another little square surrounded by many gothic buildings. The yellow dominant is a former Great Guild. It opens a street which still has many guilds on it. The last on the left has a bar-Relief of an African – Mauricio. We will tell you a story of this personage on the spot.
Next is the Tallest church in Estonia – St. Olav. 124 m high spire, would you believe that it was the tallest building in the world in 15 hundred. You will exit the old city through the Sea Gate and finish the tour by the Estonia Memorial.